What seems to be the most important battle in Czech history was actually a small fray that only lasted two hours. In November of 1620, the chances of winning the war were even for Catholics and Protestants. From the very beginning, the battle at Prague’s White Mountain was perceived as crucial. The Catholic army was supported by the Pope, the Polish kings and the Spanish Habsburgs.
28 000 soldiers under the command of army-leader Buqouy were marching towards the White Mountain in Prague, where the Protestant army of 20 000 was waiting. The Protestants unfortunately didn’t know how to use the hilly terrain to their advantage and were crushed by a mere investigation troop of 2000 sent by the Habsburgs. So how did this completely uninteresting battle become a legendary event?
What was more important than the militarily aspect of the clash, was the effect it had on Czech culture, society and politics. New king, Ferdinand II, punished the Protestant leaders and took it upon himself to bring his country back to Catholicism. In 1627 he cancelled religious tolerance and ordered that children be taught in Catholic schools only. German was put on the same level as Czech language and the traces of Czech culture could only be found in provincial areas. The dark era began and over thirty thousand people, mostly intellectual elite, left the country and never returned.